Hajj Has Twenty-One Wajibs

1 - To make sa'i, that is, to walk in the prescribed way, seven times between the mounts of Safa and Marwa, provided this will be after the tawaf-i-qudum and within the months of hajj. Sa'i without tawaf is not sahih (valid).

2 - To perform (the rite termed) waqfa (pause) at Muzdalfa on the way back from 'Arafat. Muzdalfa is the place where the Prophet Adam first met the blessed Hawwa (Eve).

3 - To throw clean pebbles, or anything on which it is permissible to make tayammum, for three days at Mina.

4 - Before taking off the ihram, to shave at least one-fourth of your head or to cut or have someone cut at least three centimeters of your hair. It is not an excuse not to find a barber or a shaver. Even a person without any hair or with a sore on his head has to pass the shaver around his head without touching his head. Women do not shave or clip their hair. But they cut a little of it with scissors.

5 - For those hajjis who are Afaqi, that is, who come to Mecca from places that are farther from the places called Miqat, to make Tawaf-i-sadr, that is, Tawaf-i-wada' (farewell visit), the day before departing from Mecca. This tawaf is not wajib for a menstruating woman.

6 - To stay at 'Arafat for a while after sunset. It is written in the books Jawhara and Majmua-i- Zuhdiyya, "A person who leaves 'Arafat before sunset will have to kill a qurban. You can stay at 'Arafat when you are junub.

7 - During tawaf-i-ziyarat, to make three more turns after going round the Kaba al- muazzama four times. The night after tawaf-i-ziyarat is spent at Mina.

8 - Not to be without an ablution or a ghusl while making the tawaf.

9 - To have on clean clothes.

10 - To make the turns by taking the place called the Hatim within the circle while making the tawaf.

11 - To make the tawaf with the Kaba al-muazzama always on your left hand side.

12 - To have made the tawaf-i-ziyarat by the sunset of the third day of 'Iyd.

13 - To cover the awrat parts [See Chapter 8 of fourth fascicle of Endless Bliss.] while making the tawaf. This is very important for women.

14 - While making sa'i between the mounts of Safa and Marwa, to begin from Safa.

Getting on top of the mount of Safa, you turn towards the Kaba. You make takbir (say: "Allahu akbar") and tahlil (say: "la ilaha illallah"), and say the prayer of salawat. Then, stretching both arms forward on a level with your shoulders and opening your palms toward the sky, you say your prayers. Next you walk towards Marwa. You walk four times from Safa to Marwa and thrice from Marwa to Safa.

15 - To perform two rakats of namaz in the Masjid al-Haram after each tawaf.

16 - To do the devil-stoning (the Jumarats) during the 'Iyd days.

17 - To shave the head or cut the hair on the first day of 'Iyd and within the Harem.

18 - To make the sa'i walking. Men walk faster between the two green posts.

19 - For people making qiran or tamattu' hajj, to kill a qurban for thanksgiving.

20 - To kill the qurban on the first day of the 'Iyd.

21 - Doing such forbidden things as having sexual intercourse before staying at Arafat will nullify the hajj. It is fard not to do such things before staying at Arafat. It is wajib to forbear from those things other than sexual intercourse till after taking off the ihram and from intercourse till after making the tawaf-i-ziyarat.

A person who does not perform a wajib at its prescribed place and time, whether he knows it or not, is liable to punishment. The punishment is to kill a qurban or to give alms as much as the amount of fitra. Nothing is necessary when it (the wajib) is omitted for such reasons as illness, old age, or for the place to be overcrowded. [Nor is it necessary to have a deputy perform the wajib (one has omitted for such reasons)]. A woman in the state of haid (menstruation) or nifas (lochia) cannot enter the Masjid al-Haram. She performs the ordinances other than the tawaf and the sa'i. And she performs the tawaf and the sa'i when she is canonically clean. Each day's Manasik may as well be made on the night following it.

It is permissible to perform the fard or supererogatory namaz as well as to perform a namaz in jamaat in the Kaba. It may as well be performed by turning your back toward the imam's back. It is makruh to perform it by turning your back toward the imam's face or to perform it on top of the Kaba. While performing the salat by forming a circle round the Kaba, people other than those on both sides of the imam can be closer to the Kaba than the imam.

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